Type

Journal Article

Authors

Kay Ohlendieck
Dieter Swandulla
Rustam R Mundegar
Paula Meleady
Michael Henry
Margit Zweyer
Sandra Murphy

Subjects

Biochemistry

Topics
up regulation immune response extracellular matrix immune system dystrophin associated proteins muscle skeletal muscular dystrophy duchenne stress response

Proteomic analysis of the sarcolemma-enriched fraction from dystrophic mdx-4cv skeletal muscle. (2017)

Abstract The highly progressive neuromuscular disorder dystrophinopathy is triggered by primary abnormalities in the Dmd gene, which causes cytoskeletal instability and loss of sarcolemmal integrity. Comparative organellar proteomics was employed to identify sarcolemma-associated proteins with an altered concentration in dystrophic muscle tissue from the mdx-4cv mouse model of dystrophinopathy. A lectin agglutination method was used to prepare a sarcolemma-enriched fraction and resulted in the identification of 190 significantly changed protein species. Proteomics established differential expression patterns for key components of the muscle plasma membrane, cytoskeletal network, extracellular matrix, metabolic pathways, cellular stress response, protein synthesis, immune response and neuromuscular junction. The deficiency in dystrophin and drastic reduction in dystrophin-associated proteins appears to trigger (i) enhanced membrane repair involving myoferlin, dysferlin and annexins, (ii) increased protein synthesis and the compensatory up-regulation of cytoskeletal proteins, (iii) the decrease in the scaffolding protein periaxin and myelin PO involved in myelination of motor neurons, (iv) complex changes in bioenergetic pathways, (v) elevated levels of molecular chaperones to prevent proteotoxic effects, (vi) increased collagen deposition causing reactive myofibrosis, (vii) disturbed ion homeostasis at the sarcolemma and associated membrane systems, and (viii) a robust inflammatory response by the innate immune system in response to chronic muscle damage. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a devastating muscle wasting disease and represents the most frequently inherited neuromuscular disorder in humans. Genetic abnormalities in the Dmd gene cause a loss of sarcolemmal integrity and highly progressive muscle fibre degeneration. Changes in the neuromuscular system are associated with necrosis, fibrosis and inflammation. In order to evaluate secondary changes in the sarcolemma membrane system due to the lack of the membrane cytoskeletal protein dystrophin, comparative organellar proteomics was used to study the mdx-4cv mouse model of dystrophinopathy. Mass spectrometric analyses identified a variety of altered components of the extracellular matrix-sarcolemma-cytoskeleton axis in dystrophic muscles. This included proteins involved in membrane repair, cytoskeletal restoration, calcium homeostasis, cellular signalling, stress response, neuromuscular transmission and reactive myofibrosis, as well as immune cell infiltration. These pathobiochemical alterations agree with the idea of highly complex secondary changes in X-linked muscular dystrophy and support the concept that micro-rupturing of the dystrophin-deficient plasma membrane is at the core of muscle wasting pathology.
Collections Ireland -> Dublin City University -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Kay Ohlendieck, Dieter Swandulla, Rustam R Mundegar, Paula Meleady, Michael Henry, Margit Zweyer, Sandra Murphy

Experts in our system

1
Kay Ohlendieck
Maynooth University
Total Publications: 131
 
2
Dieter Swandulla
Maynooth University
Total Publications: 26
 
3
Rustam R Mundegar
Maynooth University
Total Publications: 17
 
4
Paula Meleady
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 115
 
5
Michael Henry
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 99
 
6
Margit Zweyer
Maynooth University
Total Publications: 24
 
7
Sandra Murphy
Maynooth University
Total Publications: 32