Fatty-acid binding proteins (FABP) and myeloperoxidases (MPO) are associated with many chronic conditions in humans and considered to be important biomarkers for diagnosis of cardiac diseases. Here we assemble a new electrical biosensor platform based on graphene-coated interdigitated electrode arrays (IDE-arrays) towards ultrafast, label-free screening of heart type-FABP and MPO. Arrays of nanoscale (nanoIDE) and microscale (microIDE) electrode-arrays were fabricated on wafer-scale by combining nanoimprint and photolithography processes. Chemical vapor deposition grown multilayer graphene was transferred onto nano/microIDE-arrays and used as a high surface-to-volume ratio electrical transducer. Novel biofunctional layers of specially engineered anti-h-FABP and anti-MPO single-chain fragment variables (scFv) were immobilized onto graphene-coated IDE-array sensor platform for electrical detection of h-FABP and MPO in physiological saline. scFv fragments show increased sensitivity in comparison to the state-of-the-art competitive ELISA for their higher affinity towards target analytes. Deploying FABP and MPO specific scFvs as receptor molecules onto our high-sensitivity graphene-coated IDE-arrays with identical sensor characteristics and assays covering clinically relevant concentrations in physiological saline, we demonstrate realization of a simple and versatile biosensor platform capable of high performance cardiac-bioassays for point-of-care applications.
Dublin City University ->