Type

Journal Article

Authors

B Roberts
M Shpiker
J Javakhishvili
N Makhashvili
J Bisson
F Vallières
P Hyland
M Shevlin

Subjects

Medicine & Nursing

Topics
anxiety disorder comorbidity world health organization mental health dsm prevalence rates prevalence disability

A comparison of DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD prevalence, comorbidity and disability: an analysis of the Ukrainian Internally Displaced Person's Mental Health Survey. (2017)

Abstract Recently, the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-5) and the World Health Organization (ICD-11) have both revised their formulation of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The primary aim of this study was to compare DSM-5 and ICD-11 PTSD prevalence and comorbidity rates, as well as the level of disability associated with each diagnosis. This study was based on a representative sample of adult Ukrainian internally displaced persons (IDPs: N = 2203). Post-traumatic stress disorder prevalence was assessed using the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 and the International Trauma Questionnaire (ICD-11). Anxiety and depression were measured using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale and the Patient Health Questionnaire-Depression. Disability was measured using the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0. The prevalence of DSM-5 PTSD (27.4%) was significantly higher than ICD-11 PTSD (21.0%), and PTSD rates for females were significantly higher using both criteria. ICD-11 PTSD was associated with significantly higher levels of disability and comorbidity. The ICD-11 diagnosis of PTSD appears to be particularly well suited to identifying those with clinically relevant levels of disability.
Collections Ireland -> National College of Ireland -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

B Roberts, M Shpiker, J Javakhishvili, N Makhashvili, J Bisson, F Vallières, P Hyland, M Shevlin

Experts in our system

1
Jonathan I. Bisson
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 29
 
2
Frédérique Vallières
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 46
 
3
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231
 
4
Mark Shevlin
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 125