Type

Journal Article

Authors

Tobias Engel
Edward Beamer
Mariana Alves

Subjects

Pharmacology

Topics
novel the extracellular space purinergic receptor receptors g protein coupled ion channels this review adenosine 5 triphosphate cell death

The Metabotropic Purinergic P2Y Receptor Family as Novel Drug Target in Epilepsy. (2017)

Abstract Epilepsy encompasses a heterogeneous group of neurological syndromes which are characterized by recurrent seizures affecting over 60 million people worldwide. Current anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) are mainly designed to target ion channels and/or GABA or glutamate receptors. Despite recent advances in drug development, however, pharmacoresistance in epilepsy remains as high as 30%, suggesting the need for the development of new AEDs with a non-classical mechanism of action. Neuroinflammation is increasingly recognized as one of the key players in seizure generation and in the maintenance of the epileptic phenotype. Consequently, targeting signaling molecules involved in inflammatory processes may represent new avenues to improve treatment in epilepsy. Nucleotides such as adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) and uridine-5'-triphosphate (UTP) are released in the brain into the extracellular space during pathological conditions such as increased neuronal firing or cell death. Once released, these nucleotides bind to and activate specific purinergic receptors termed P2 receptors where they mediate the release of gliotransmitters and drive neuronal hyperexcitation and neuroinflammatory processes. This includes the fast acting ionotropic P2X channels and slower-acting G-protein-coupled P2Y receptors. While the expression and function of P2X receptors has been well-established in experimental models of epilepsy, emerging evidence is now also suggesting a prominent role for the P2Y receptor subfamily in seizure generation and the maintenance of epilepsy. In this review we discuss data supporting a role for the P2Y receptor family in epilepsy and the most recent finding demonstrating their involvement during seizure-induced pathology and in epilepsy.
Collections Ireland -> Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Tobias Engel, Edward Beamer, Mariana Alves

Experts in our system

1
Tobias Engel
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 66
 
2
Edward Beamer
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 3
 
3
Mariana Alves
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 9