Journal Article


Sean Tierney
Arnold Hill
Oscar Traynor
Patrick Dicker
Athena Wright Ballester
Gemma Wright Ballester
Dara O Kavanagh
Cuan M Harrington


Physiotherapy & Sport

undergraduate students cholecystectomy laparoscopic united states virtual reality video quality two dimensional 5 years three dimensional

360° Operative Videos: A Randomised Cross-Over Study Evaluating Attentiveness and Information Retention. (2017)

Abstract Although two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional videos have traditionally provided foundations for reviewing operative procedures, the recent 360º format may provide new dimensions to surgical education. This study sought to describe the production of a high quality 360º video for an index-operation (augmented with educational material), while evaluating for variances in attentiveness, information retention, and appraisal compared to 2D. A 6-camera synchronised array (GoPro Omni, [California, United States]) was suspended inverted and recorded an elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 2016. A single-blinded randomised cross-over study was performed to evaluate this video in 360º vs 2D formats. Group A experienced the 360º video using Samsung (Suwon, South-Korea) GearVR virtual-reality headsets, followed by the 2D experience on a 75-inch television. Group B were reversed. Each video was probed at designated time points for engagement levels and task-unrelated images or thoughts. Alternating question banks were administered following each video experience. Feedback was obtained via a short survey at study completion. The New Academic and Education Building (NAEB) in Dublin, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, July 2017. Preclinical undergraduate students from a medical university in Ireland. Forty students participated with a mean age of 23.2 ± 4.5 years and equal sex involvement. The 360º video demonstrated significantly higher engagement (p < 0.01) throughout the experience and lower task-unrelated images or thoughts (p < 0.01). Significant variances in information retention between the 2 groups were absent (p = 0.143) but most (65%) reported the 360º video as their learning platform of choice. Mean appraisal levels for the 360º platform were positive with mean responses of >8/10 for the platform for learning, immersion, and entertainment. This study describes the successful development and evaluation of a 360º operative video. This new video format demonstrated significant engagement and attentiveness benefits compared to traditional 2D formats. This requires further evaluation in the field of technology enhanced learning.
Collections Ireland -> Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Sean Tierney, Arnold Hill, Oscar Traynor, Patrick Dicker, Athena Wright Ballester, Gemma Wright Ballester, Dara O Kavanagh, Cuan M Harrington

Experts in our system

S Tierney
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 52
Arnold D K Hill
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 110
Oscar Traynor
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 36
Patrick Dicker
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 95
Dara O Kavanagh
TU Dublin (Tallaght Campus)
Total Publications: 24
Cuan M Harrington
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 6