Journal Article


R. Paul Ross
Colin Hill
Catherine Stanton
C. Anthony Ryan
Des Field
Angeliki Angelopoulou



human microbiology milk production exclusive breastfeeding staphylococcus aureus culture techniques staphylococcus epidermidis antibiotic resistance

The microbiology and treatment of human mastitis. (2017)

Abstract Mastitis, which is generally described as an inflammation of breast tissue, is a common and debilitating disease which frequently results in the cessation of exclusive breastfeeding and affects up to 33% of lactating women. The condition is a primary cause of decreased milk production and results in organoleptic and nutritional alterations in milk quality. Recent studies employing culture-independent techniques, including metagenomic sequencing, have revealed a loss of bacterial diversity in the microbiome of mastitic milk samples compared to healthy milk samples. In those infected, the pathogens Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and members of corynebacteria have been identified as the predominant etiological agents in acute, subacute and granulomatous mastitis, respectively. The increased incidence of antibiotic resistance in the causative species is also a key cause of concern for treatment of the disease, thus leading to the need to develop novel therapies. In this respect, probiotics and bacteriocins have revealed potential as alternative treatments.
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Full list of authors on original publication

R. Paul Ross, Colin Hill, Catherine Stanton, C. Anthony Ryan, Des Field, Angeliki Angelopoulou

Experts in our system

R Paul Ross
Total Publications: 441
Colin Hill
University College Cork
Total Publications: 351
Catherine Stanton
Total Publications: 261
C Anthony Ryan
University College Cork
Total Publications: 69
Des Field
Total Publications: 30