Type

Journal Article

Authors

Eske Willerslev
Corinne L Hofman
Daniel G Bradley
Rasmus Nielsen
Carlos D Bustamante
Antonio Salas
Menno Hoogland
Jane S Day
William C Schaffer
Robert S Carr
and 17 others

Subjects

History

Topics
ancestry native american ancient dna year 1 humans paleogenomics dna origins archaeology south america migration individual genetic

Origins and genetic legacies of the Caribbean Taino. (2018)

Abstract The Caribbean was one of the last parts of the Americas to be settled by humans, but how and when the islands were first occupied remains a matter of debate. Ancient DNA can help answering these questions, but the work has been hampered by poor DNA preservation. We report the genome sequence of a 1,000-year-old Lucayan Taino individual recovered from the site of Preacher's Cave in the Bahamas. We sequenced her genome to 12.4-fold coverage and show that she is genetically most closely related to present-day Arawakan speakers from northern South America, suggesting that the ancestors of the Lucayans originated there. Further, we find no evidence for recent inbreeding or isolation in the ancient genome, suggesting that the Lucayans had a relatively large effective population size. Finally, we show that the native American components in some present-day Caribbean genomes are closely related to the ancient Taino, demonstrating an element of continuity between precontact populations and present-day Latino populations in the Caribbean.
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Full list of authors on original publication

Eske Willerslev, Corinne L Hofman, Daniel G Bradley, Rasmus Nielsen, Carlos D Bustamante, Antonio Salas, Menno Hoogland, Jane S Day, William C Schaffer, Robert S Carr and 17 others

Experts in our system

1
Daniel Bradley
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 84