Type

Journal Article

Authors

Orla Hardiman
Siobhan Hutchinson
Russell L McLaughlin
Niall Pender
Alice Vajda
Mark A Doherty
Parameswaran M Iyer
Rangariroyashe H Chipika
Eoin Finegan
Taha Omer
and 1 others

Subjects

Psychiatry

Topics
nucleus accumbens frontotemporal dementia pathology multi modal basal ganglia grey matter cognitive impairment prospective study

Connectivity-based characterisation of subcortical grey matter pathology in frontotemporal dementia and ALS: a multimodal neuroimaging study. (2018)

Abstract Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) phenotypes have distinctive and well-established cortical signatures, but their subcortical grey matter profiles are poorly characterised. The comprehensive characterisation of striatal and thalamic pathology along the ALS-FTD spectrum is particularly timely, as dysfunction of frontostriatal and cortico-thalamic networks contribute to phenotype-defining cognitive, behavioral, and motor deficits. Ten patients with behavioral-variant FTD, 11 patients with non-fluent-variant primary progressive aphasia, 5 patients with semantic-variant primary progressive aphasia, 14 ALS-FTD patients with C9orf72 hexanucleotide expansions, 12 ALS-FTD patients without hexanucleotide repeats, 36 ALS patients without cognitive impairment and 50 healthy controls were included in a prospective neuroimaging study. Striatal, thalamic, hippocampal and amygdala pathology was evaluated using volume measurements, density analyses and connectivity-based segmentation. Significant volume reductions were identified in the thalamus and putamen of non-fluent-variant PPA patients. Marked nucleus accumbens and hippocampal atrophy was observed in the behavioral-variant FTD cohort. Semantic-variant PPA patients only exhibited volumetric changes in the left hippocampus. C9-positive ALS-FTD patients showed preferential density reductions in thalamic sub-regions connected to motor and sensory cortical areas. C9-negative ALS-FTD patients exhibited striatal pathology in sub-regions projecting to rostral-motor and executive cortical areas. The bulk of striatal and thalamic pathology in non-fluent-variant PPA patients was identified in foci projecting to motor areas. Subcortical density alterations in svPPA patients were limited to basal ganglia regions with parietal projections. Striatal and thalamic changes in FTD exhibit selective, network-defined vulnerability patterns mirroring cortical pathology. Multi-modal cortico-basal imaging analyses confirm that the subcortical grey matter profiles of FTD phenotypes are just as distinct as their cortical signatures. Our findings support emerging concepts of network-wise degeneration, preferential circuit vulnerability and disease propagation along connectivity patterns.
Collections Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Orla Hardiman, Siobhan Hutchinson, Russell L McLaughlin, Niall Pender, Alice Vajda, Mark A Doherty, Parameswaran M Iyer, Rangariroyashe H Chipika, Eoin Finegan, Taha Omer and 1 others

Experts in our system

1
Orla Hardiman
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 156
 
2
Siobhan Hutchinson
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 3
 
3
Russell L McLaughlin
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 41
 
4
Niall Pender
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 30
 
5
Alice Vajda
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 29
 
6
Parameswaran M Iyer
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 6
 
7
Eoin Finegan
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 4
 
8
Taha Omer
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 4