Journal Article


Mark Ledwidge
John F Gilmer
Anne Marie Healy
Aoibhe OʼDriscoll
Michael Whelehan
Gabor Radics
Jun Wang



epithelial cells reactive oxygen species cell viability prospective study whey protein multi variable analysis ht29 cells oxidative stress

Novel Iron-Whey Protein Microspheres Protect Gut Epithelial Cells from Iron-Related Oxidative Stress and Damage and Improve Iron Absorption in Fasting Adults. (2017)

Abstract Iron food fortification and oral iron formulations are frequently limited by poor absorption, resulting in the widespread use of high-dose oral iron, which is poorly tolerated. We evaluated novel iron-denatured whey protein (Iron-WP) microspheres on reactive oxygen species (ROS) and viability in gut epithelial (HT29) cells. We compared iron absorption from Iron-WP versus equimolar-dose (25 mg elemental iron) ferrous sulphate (FeSO4) in a prospective, randomised, cross-over study in fasting volunteers (n = 21 per group) dependent on relative iron depletion (a ferritin level ≤/>30 ng/mL). Iron-WP caused less ROS generation and better HT29 cell viability than equimolar FeSO4. Iron-WP also showed better absorption with a maximal 149 ± 39% increase in serum iron compared to 65 ± 14% for FeSO4 (p = 0.01). The response to both treatments was dependent on relative iron depletion, and multi-variable analysis showed that better absorption with Iron-WP was independent of baseline serum iron, ferritin, transferrin saturation, and haemoglobin in the overall group and in the sub-cohort with relative iron depletion at baseline (p < 0.01). Novel Iron-WP microspheres may protect gut epithelial cells and improve the absorption of iron versus FeSO4. Further evaluation of this approach to food fortification and supplementation with iron is warranted.
Collections Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Mark Ledwidge, John F Gilmer, Anne Marie Healy, Aoibhe OʼDriscoll, Michael Whelehan, Gabor Radics, Jun Wang

Experts in our system

Mark Ledwidge
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 30
John Gilmer
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 28
Anne Marie Healy
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 98
Gabor Radics
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 3
Jun Wang
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 37