Type

Journal Article

Authors

Michael D Gilchrist
T Blaine Hoshizaki
J Michio Clark

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
traumatic brain injury university college dublin women prediction finite element modelling head hybrid iii headform impacts

Assessing women's lacrosse head impacts using finite element modelling. (2017)

Abstract Recently studies have assessed the ability of helmets to reduce peak linear and rotational acceleration for women's lacrosse head impacts. However, such measures have had low correlation with injury. Maximum principal strain interprets loading curves which provide better injury prediction than peak linear and rotational acceleration, especially in compliant situations which create low magnitude accelerations but long impact durations. The purpose of this study was to assess head and helmet impacts in women's lacrosse using finite element modelling. Linear and rotational acceleration loading curves from women's lacrosse impacts to a helmeted and an unhelmeted Hybrid III headform were input into the University College Dublin Brain Trauma Model. The finite element model was used to calculate maximum principal strain in the cerebrum. The results demonstrated for unhelmeted impacts, falls and ball impacts produce higher maximum principal strain values than stick and shoulder collisions. The strain values for falls and ball impacts were found to be within the range of concussion and traumatic brain injury. The results also showed that men's lacrosse helmets reduced maximum principal strain for follow-through slashing, falls and ball impacts. These findings are novel and demonstrate that for high risk events, maximum principal strain can be reduced by implementing the use of helmets if the rules of the sport do not effectively manage such situations.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Michael D Gilchrist, T Blaine Hoshizaki, J Michio Clark

Experts in our system

1
M. D. Gilchrist
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 172
 
2
T Blaine Hoshizaki
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 4
 
3
J Michio Clark
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 8