Type

Journal Article

Authors

Fr?d?ric Dias
Sarah Gallagher
Jelena Janji?
Laura Zubiate
Colm Clancy
Emily Gleeson

Subjects

Geology

Topics
north atlantic oscillation wave climate ocean states teleconnections wind climate renewable energy atlantic ocean east atlantic pattern

Teleconnections and Extreme Ocean States in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean (2019)

Abstract The Northeast Atlantic possesses an energetic and variable wind and wave climate which has a large potential for renewable energy extraction; for example along the western seaboards off Ireland. The role of surface winds in the generation of ocean waves means that global atmospheric circulation patterns and wave climate characteristics are inherently connected. In quantifying how the wave and wind climate of this region may change towards the end of the century due to climate change, it is useful to investigate the influence of large scale atmospheric oscillations using indices such as the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the East Atlantic pattern (EA) and the Scandinavian pattern (SCAND). In this study a statistical analysis of these teleconnections was carried out using an ensemble of EC-Earth global climate simulations run under the RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 forcing scenarios, where EC-Earth is a European-developed atmosphere ocean sea-ice coupled climate model. In addition, EC-Earth model fields were used to drive theWAVEWATCH III wave model over the North Atlantic basin to create the highest resolution wave projection dataset currently available for Ireland. Using this dataset we analysed the correlations between teleconnections and significant wave heights (Hs) with a particular focus on extreme ocean states using a range of statistical methods. The strongest, statistically significant correlations exist between the 95th percentile of significant wave height and the NAO. Correlations between extreme Hs and the EA and SCAND are weaker and not statistically significant over parts of the North Atlantic. When the NAO is in its positive phase (NAOC) and the EA and SCAND are in a negative phase (EA-, SCAND-) the strongest effects are seen on 20-year return levels of extreme ocean waves. Under RCP8.5 there are large areas around Ireland where the 20-year return level of Hs increases by the end of the century, despite an overall decreasing trend in mean wind speeds and hence mean Hs. Adv. Sci. Res., 16, 11?29, 2019 https://doi.org/10.5194/asr-16-11-2019 ? Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
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Full list of authors on original publication

Fr?d?ric Dias, Sarah Gallagher, Jelena Janji?, Laura Zubiate, Colm Clancy, Emily Gleeson

Experts in our system

1
Fr?d?ric Dias
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 19
 
2
Sarah Gallagher
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 14
 
3
Jelena Janji?
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 4
 
4
Colm Clancy
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 12
 
5
Emily Gleeson
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 46