Type

PhD Thesis

Authors

David Loughrey

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
older adults processes cognition ageing dementia risk factor age related hearing loss cognitive function

Age-related hearing loss and neurocognitive function: Normal and pathological processes in cognitive ageing (2018)

Abstract This thesis investigates age-related hearing loss (ARHL) as a potential biomarker and risk factor for cognitive decline and dementia. Two reviews were conducted to examine the evidence for an association in the epidemiological and experimental literature. Both reviews found sufficient support for an association and, in particular, a mechanistic association whereby ARHL affects cognitive function. Based on these two reviews, a hypothetical model termed Neurocognitive Implicit-Explicit Asymmetric Decline (NIEAD), whereby ARHL mechanistically causes cognitive decline, was posited. This model postulates that ARHL will be associated with decline in implicit or bottom-up cognitive processes but relative maintenance in explicit cognitive processes. This hypothesis was assessed in three studies in which a sample of older adults with hearing loss was compared to a control group using indices of implicit and explicit function. The results from these studies indicated support for this model. The overall conclusion of this thesis is that further research is warranted into the association between ARHL and cognitive ageing.
Collections Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> Psychiatry (Theses and Dissertations)
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> Trinity College Dublin Theses & Dissertations
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> Psychiatry
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> Trinity College Dublin, the University of Dublin: Theses & Dissertations
Ireland -> Trinity College Dublin -> School of Medicine

Full list of authors on original publication

David Loughrey

Experts in our system

1
David G Loughrey
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 12