Type

Journal Article

Authors

Graham Pidgeon

Subjects

Pharmacology

Topics
thrombosis prostaglandins thromboxane a2 receptor cell survival rats sprague dawley hypoxia hypertension pulmonary beta cell

Overexpression of platelet-type 12-lipoxygenase promotes tumor cell survival by enhancing alpha(v)beta(3) and alpha(v)beta(5) integrin expression. (2003)

Abstract Background? Pulmonary hypertension induced by chronic hypoxia is characterized by thickening of pulmonary artery walls, elevated pulmonary vascular resistance, and right-heart failure. Prostacyclin analogues reduce pulmonary pressures in this condition; raising the possibility that cycloxygenase-2 (COX-2) modulates the response of the pulmonary vasculature to hypoxia. Methods and Results? Sprague-Dawley rats in which pulmonary hypertension was induced by hypobaric hypoxia for 14 days were treated concurrently with the selective COX-2 inhibitor SC236 or vehicle. Mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) was elevated after hypoxia (28.1?3.2 versus 17.2?3.1 mm Hg; n=8, P<0.01), with thickening of small pulmonary arteries and increased COX-2 expression and prostacyclin formation. Selective inhibition of COX-2 aggravated the increase in mPAP (42.8?5.9 mm Hg; n=8, P<0.05), an effect that was attenuated by the thromboxane (TX) A2/prostaglandin endoperoxide receptor antagonist ifetroban. Urinary TXB2 increased during hypoxia (5.9?0.9 versus 1.2?0.2 ng/mg creatinine; n=6, P<0.01) and was further increased by COX-2 inhibition (8.5?0.7 ng/mg creatinine; n=6, P< 0.05). In contrast, urinary excretion of the prostacyclin metabolite 6-ketoprostaglandin F1{alpha} decreased with COX-2 inhibition (8.6?3.0 versus 27.0?4.8 ng/mg creatinine; n=6, P< 0.05). Platelet activation was enhanced after chronic hypoxia. COX-2 inhibition further reduced the PFA-100 closure time and enhanced platelet deposition in the smaller pulmonary arteries, effects that were attenuated by ifetroban. Mice with targeted disruption of the COX-2 gene exposed to chronic hypoxia had exacerbated right ventricular end-systolic pressure, whereas targeted disruption of COX-1 had no effect. Conclusions? COX-2 expression is increased and regulates platelet activity and intravascular thrombosis in hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension.
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Full list of authors on original publication

Graham Pidgeon

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Graham Pidgeon
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 38