Type

Journal Article

Authors

Josephine Hegarty
Martin Davoren
David Murphy
Eoghan Cooke
Margaret Landers
Mohamad M Saab

Subjects

Psychiatry

Topics
pilot study randomized controlled trial medical research council framework testicular cancer testicular disorders health promotion awareness virtual reality

Enhancing Men's Awareness of Testicular Disorders using a virtual reality intervention: a pre-post pilot study. (2018)

Abstract Background: The incidence of benign and malignant testicular disorders is on the rise. Three literature reviews and one qualitative study found that men’s awareness of testicular disorders was lacking, and their intentions to seek help for symptoms of testicular disease were low. Objectives: The aim of the study was to enhance men’s awareness of testicular disorders, help-seeking intentions for testicular symptoms, and intention and behavior to feel their testes. Methods: Men aged 18–50 years were recruited from a university and asked to engage in a three-level, educational, virtual reality experience. The Medical Research Council framework guided the development and pilot testing of the intervention. Knowledge, awareness, perceived risk, implementation intentions, help-seeking intentions, and behaviors were measured at pretest (T0), immediately posttest (T1), and 1 month posttest (T2). Results: Data were available from 49 participants. In comparison to T0, a significant increase in knowledge (mean difference [MD] = 3.5, 95% CI [2.8, 4.26]); testicular awareness (MD = 0.2, 95% CI [0.01, 0.41]); implementation intentions (MD = 0.6, 95% CI [0.33, 0.90]); and help-seeking intentions for testicular swelling (MD = 0.3, 95% CI [0.12, 0.51]), lumpiness (MD = 0.3, 95% CI [0.08, 0.46]), and pain (MD = 0.6, 95% CI [0.25, 1.01]) was noted at T1. This increase was maintained at T2. Participants who expressed an intention to feel their testes at T0 were more likely to report performing this behavior at T2. Discussion: The intervention succeeded in promoting knowledge, testicular awareness, implementation intentions, help-seeking intentions, and behaviors. A randomized controlled trial of the Enhancing Men’s Awareness of Testicular Disorders intervention with a larger sample size is warranted.
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Full list of authors on original publication

Josephine Hegarty, Martin Davoren, David Murphy, Eoghan Cooke, Margaret Landers, Mohamad M Saab

Experts in our system

1
Josephine Hegarty
University College Cork
Total Publications: 66
 
2
Martin P Davoren
University College Cork
Total Publications: 21
 
3
David Murphy
University College Cork
Total Publications: 11
 
4
Eoghan Cooke
University College Cork
Total Publications: 3
 
5
Margaret Landers
University College Cork
Total Publications: 21
 
6
Mohamad M Saab
University College Cork
Total Publications: 17