Type

Conference Proceedings

Authors

Brian A Lawlor
Ian H Robertson
Sabina Brennan
Maria M Pertl
Caoimhe Hannigan

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
psychology age factors executive functioning caregivers exposure carers stress psychology cognitive psychology risk factors adverse effects self efficacy dementia

Moderators of the effect of stress exposure on executive functioning in spousal dementia caregivers (2016)

Abstract Background. The challenges of dementia care may adversely affect caregivers’ executive functioning because of the impact of stress on prefrontal cognitive processes. We examined (1) whether greater psychological stress mediated a relationship between caregiver stress exposure and executive functioning and (2) whether greater self-efficacy and cognitive reserve moderated the indirect effect of stress exposure. Methods. Spousal dementia caregivers’ (n = 253) completed the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire (stress exposure), the Perceived Stress Scale, the National Adult Reading Test (cognitive reserve), the Fortinsky dementia-specific caregiver self-efficacy scale, and the Color Trails Test (executive functioning). Moderated mediation was tested using the PROCESS macro in SPSS. Age, gender and dementia risk factors were included as covariates. Findings: Greater stress exposure indirectly predicted executive functioning through psychological stress. Stronger relationships between greater psychological stress and poorer executive functioning were observed among caregivers with lower cognitive reserve. However, there was no evidence that self-efficacy moderated the indirect effect of stress exposure on executive functioning through psychological stress. Discussion. Greater psychological stress in response to the challenges associated with dementia care may place caregivers at a greater risk of executive dysfunction. Having higher cognitive reserve may protect caregivers from the adverse effects of stress on cognition.
Collections Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Cognitive psychology
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Status = Submitted
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Type = Conference or Workshop Item
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HD Industries. Land use. Labor: Non Profit Organisations. Voluntary Sector.: Carers
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Stress (Psychology)
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HD Industries. Land use. Labor: Non Profit Organisations. Voluntary Sector.

Full list of authors on original publication

Brian A Lawlor, Ian H Robertson, Sabina Brennan, Maria M Pertl, Caoimhe Hannigan

Experts in our system

1
Brian A. Lawlor
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
2
Ian H Robertson
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 162
 
3
Sabina Brennan
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 47
 
4
Maria M Pertl
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 8
 
5
Caoimhe Hannigan
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 58