Type

Journal Article

Authors

Philip Hyland
Jamie Murphy
Ask Elklit
Siobhán Murphy
Mark Shevlin

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
treatment post traumatic stress disorder treatment outcome childhood sexual abuse latent class analysis literature research psychology

Typologies of Child Sexual Abuse: An Analysis of Multiple Abuse Acts Among a Large Sample of Danish Treatment-Seeking Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse (2018)

Abstract Objective: The deleterious psychological effects of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) have been extensively documented in the research literature. A limitation of this research, however, has been a reliance on overly restrictive and limiting measurements of CSA. Researchers have most commonly referred to discrete instances of rape and molestation; however, evidence suggests that sexual abuse in childhood can include a wide array of acts and that individual survivors can endure many of these. Method: This study employed latent class analysis to identify homogeneous groups of adult CSA survivors characterized by similar typologies of sexual trauma within a large sample of Danish, treatment-seeking survivors of CSA and incest (N = 454). In total, 18 separate contact and noncontact abuse acts were modeled. Furthermore, the association between abuse-related variables (victim gender, the age at which the abuse started, duration of abuse, and perpetrator of abuse) and the resultant CSA groups, or classes, was estimated. Results: Four homogeneous CSA groups were identified: an intercourse group, a high-verbal/low-contact group, a high-sexual-contact group, and a sexual-touch group. Some of the groups were distinguishable from others in terms of the frequency of the abuse and the type of perpetrator identified. Conclusions: The results show that “typologies” of CSA may provide a useful way to describe complex patterns of abuse while also facilitating future investigations of CSA outcome and treatment need.
Collections Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Stress (Psychology): Post-traumatic stress disorder
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Stress (Psychology)

Full list of authors on original publication

Philip Hyland, Jamie Murphy, Ask Elklit, Siobhán Murphy, Mark Shevlin

Experts in our system

1
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231
 
2
Jamie Murphy
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 43
 
3
Ask Elklit
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 46
 
4
Siobhán Murphy
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 15
 
5
Mark Shevlin
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 125