Type

Journal Article

Authors

Frédérique Vallières
Jamie Murphy
Mark Shevlin
S Byrne
Brynne Gilmore
J. B. Sleiman
R. Abou Daher
F. Daccache
Ruth Ceannt
Philip Hyland

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
psychology latent class analysis treatment gender differences international classification stress psychology living posttraumatic stress disorder cross cultural world health organization post traumatic stress disorder

Are posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex-PTSD distinguishable within a treatment-seeking sample of Syrian refugees living in Lebanon? (2018)

Abstract Background The World Health Organization will publish its 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) in 2018. The ICD-11 will include a refined model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and a new diagnosis of complex PTSD (CPTSD). Whereas emerging data supports the validity of these proposals, the discriminant validity of PTSD and CPTSD have yet to be tested amongst a sample of refugees. Methods Treatment-seeking Syrian refugees (N = 110) living in Lebanon completed an Arabic version of the International Trauma Questionnaire; a measure specifically designed to capture the symptom content of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD. Results In total, 62.6% of the sample met the diagnostic criteria for PTSD or CPTSD. More refugees met the criteria for CPTSD (36.1%) than PTSD (25.2%) and no gender differences were observed. Latent class analysis results identified three distinct groups: (1) a PTSD class, (2) a CPTSD class and (3) a low symptom class. Class membership was significantly predicted by levels of functional impairment. Conclusion Support for the discriminant validity of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD was observed for the first time within a sample of refugees. In support of the cross-cultural validity of the ICD-11 proposals, the prevalence of PTSD and CPTSD were similar to those observed in culturally distinct contexts.
Collections Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Stress (Psychology)
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Open Access DRIVERset
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Academic Unit = Faculty of Science and Engineering: Psychology
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Type = Article
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Academic Unit = Faculty of Science and Engineering
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Stress (Psychology): Post-traumatic stress disorder

Full list of authors on original publication

Frédérique Vallières, Jamie Murphy, Mark Shevlin, S Byrne, Brynne Gilmore, J. B. Sleiman, R. Abou Daher, F. Daccache, Ruth Ceannt, Philip Hyland

Experts in our system

1
Frédérique Vallières
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 46
 
2
Jamie Murphy
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 43
 
3
Mark Shevlin
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
4
Stephen Byrne
University College Cork
Total Publications: 115
 
5
Brynne Gilmore
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 21
 
6
J. B. Sleiman
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 3
 
7
F. Daccache
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 4
 
8
Ruth Ceannt
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 9
 
9
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231