Type

Journal Article

Authors

Frank Kee
Rose Ann Kenny
Brian A. Lawlor
Jianjun Tang
Joanna E. McHugh Power

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
irish longitudinal study on ageing social cognitive function longitudinal study follow up cognitive psychology older adults irish adults structural model welfare of older people

Mediators of the relationship between social activities and cognitive function among older Irish adults: results from the Irish longitudinal study on ageing (2018)

Abstract Objective: Evidence points to an association between social and leisure activity (SLA) engagement and cognitive outcomes, but the mechanisms underlying this link remain unknown. We aimed to investigate three potential mechanisms: Vascular function, Perceived Stress, and Cognitive Reserve. Methods: With data from 8163 adults aged over 50 in the Irish Longitudinal Study of Ageing, we used a structural equation model to evaluate Vascular Function and Perceived Stress as potential mediators, and Cognitive Reserve as a potential antecedent in the relationship between SLA at baseline (2009), and cognitive outcomes collected at a two-year follow-up point (2011). Results: Cognitive Reserve was strongly associated both with cognitive outcomes (β = 0.306; p < 0.001) and with SLA (β = 0.694; p < 0.001). Perceived stress (β = 0.018) acted as a significant mediator in the relationships between SLA and cognitive outcomes (p < 0.001), although Vascular Function did not (β = 0.000). Conclusion: These results indicate that SLA may protect cognitive function partly because of its association with cognitive reserve, and partly through its impact on perceived stress. Results have policy implications for those interested in facilitating SLA to protect cognitive outcomes among older adults.
Collections Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Cognitive psychology
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Status = Published
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Open Access DRIVERset
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare: Welfare of older people
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Academic Unit = Faculty of Science and Engineering: Psychology
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Type = Article
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Academic Unit = Faculty of Science and Engineering
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Type = Article

Full list of authors on original publication

Frank Kee, Rose Ann Kenny, Brian A. Lawlor, Jianjun Tang, Joanna E. McHugh Power

Experts in our system

1
Frank Kee
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 25
 
2
Rose Anne Kenny
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 252
 
3
Brian A. Lawlor
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
4
Jianjun Tang
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 3
 
5
Joanna E. McHugh Power
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 32