Type

Journal Article

Authors

Frank Kee
Brian A. Lawlor
Rose Ann Kenny
Jianjun Tang
Joanna E. McHugh Power

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
older adults structural equation modelling prospective cohort study psychology anxiety cognitive function longitudinal study cognitive psychology

Mediating the relationship between loneliness and cognitive function: the role of depressive and anxiety symptoms (2019)

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the relationship between loneliness and cognitive functioning, and whether depressive and anxiety symptoms have intermediate roles therein. Methods: Information about 7,433 participants of the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (a prospective, representative cohort study), aged over 50, was collected at three time-points two years apart, and analysed using Structural Equation Modelling to assess whether depressive and anxiety symptoms mediate the relationship between loneliness and cognitive functioning. Cognitive functioning was measured as a latent factor, with four indicators: measures of immediate and delayed word recall, verbal fluency, and a global measure (the MMSE). Loneliness was measured using the UCLA Loneliness scale, depressive symptoms using the CES-D-ML scale, and anxiety symptoms using the HADS-A scale. Results: Loneliness at time-point 1 predicted cognitive functioning at time-point 3, β = −0.103, p < 0.001, and depressive (β = 0.426, p < 0.001) and anxiety (β = 0.410, p < 0.001) symptoms at time-point 2. Depressive (β = −0.020, p = 0.001) but not anxiety (β = −0.000, p = 0.658) symptoms mediated the relationship between loneliness and cognitive functioning, total effect: β = −0.123, p < 0.001. Conclusion: The relationship between loneliness and cognitive functioning is in part explained by its relationship with depressive symptoms. Statistically, the mediation model helps us understand possible mechanisms through which loneliness impacts cognitive functioning. Results have implications for cognitive functioning interventions for older adults, and imply that loneliness is also a worthwhile target for intervention.
Collections Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology: Cognitive psychology
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Status = In Press

Full list of authors on original publication

Frank Kee, Brian A. Lawlor, Rose Ann Kenny, Jianjun Tang, Joanna E. McHugh Power

Experts in our system

1
Frank Kee
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 25
 
2
Brian A. Lawlor
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
3
Rose Anne Kenny
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 252
 
4
Jianjun Tang
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 3
 
5
Joanna E. McHugh Power
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 32