Type

Conference Proceedings

Authors

Andy Way
Christian Hardmeier
Eva Vanmassenhove

Subjects

Linguistics

Topics
gender machine translating female english grammatical gender machine translation language pairs translation quality

Getting gender right in neural machine translation (2018)

Abstract Speakers of different languages must attend to and encode strikingly different aspects of the world in order to use their language correctly (Sapir, 1921; Slobin, 1996). One such difference is related to the way gender is expressed in a language. Saying “I am happy” in English, does not encode any additional knowledge of the speaker that uttered the sentence. However, many other languages do have grammatical gender systems and so such knowledge would be encoded. In order to correctly translate such a sentence into, say, French, the inherent gender information needs to be retained/recovered. The same sentence would become either “Je suis heureux”, for a male speaker or “Je suis heureuse” for a female one. Apart from morphological agreement, demographic factors (gender, age, etc.) also influence our use of language in terms of word choices or even on the level of syntactic constructions (Tannen, 1991; Pennebaker et al., 2003). We integrate gender information into NMT systems. Our contribution is twofold: (1) the compilation of large datasets with speaker information for 20 language pairs, and (2) a simple set of experiments that incorporate gender information into NMT for multiple language pairs. Our experiments show that adding a gender feature to an NMT system significantly improves the translation quality for some language pairs.
Collections Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Publication Type = Conference or Workshop Item
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools: Faculty of Engineering and Computing: School of Computing
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = Research Initiatives and Centres: ADAPT
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Status = Published
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Computer Science: Machine translating

Full list of authors on original publication

Andy Way, Christian Hardmeier, Eva Vanmassenhove

Experts in our system

1
Andy Way
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 229
 
2
Eva Vanmassenhove
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 4