Type

Journal Article

Authors

Lorraine Boran
Richard A P Roche
Alan F. Smeaton
Caoilainn Doyle

Subjects

Psychology

Topics
dyslexia inhibition individual executive functions individual differences switching variation reading

Inhibition and Updating, but Not Switching, Predict Developmental Dyslexia and Individual Variation in Reading Ability. (2017)

Abstract To elucidate the core executive function profile (strengths and weaknesses in inhibition, updating, and switching) associated with dyslexia, this study explored executive function in 27 children with dyslexia and 29 age matched controls using sensitive z-mean measures of each ability and controlled for individual differences in processing speed. This study found that developmental dyslexia is associated with inhibition and updating, but not switching impairments, at the error z-mean composite level, whilst controlling for processing speed. Inhibition and updating (but not switching) error composites predicted both dyslexia likelihood and reading ability across the full range of variation from typical to atypical. The predictive relationships were such that those with poorer performance on inhibition and updating measures were significantly more likely to have a diagnosis of developmental dyslexia and also demonstrate poorer reading ability. These findings suggest that inhibition and updating abilities are associated with developmental dyslexia and predict reading ability. Future studies should explore executive function training as an intervention for children with dyslexia as core executive functions appear to be modifiable with training and may transfer to improved reading ability.
Collections Ireland -> Dublin City University -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Lorraine Boran, Richard A P Roche, Alan F. Smeaton, Caoilainn Doyle

Experts in our system

1
Lorraine Boran
Dublin City University
 
2
Richard Roche
Maynooth University
Total Publications: 42
 
3
Alan F. Smeaton
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 492
 
4
Caoilainn Doyle
Maynooth University
Total Publications: 6