Type

Journal Article

Authors

Brian A. Lawlor
Frank Kee
Sabina Brennan
Philip Hyland
Caoimhe Hannigan
Joanna McHugh Power

Subjects

Psychiatry

Topics
cohort study welfare of older people structural equation modelling data collection observational study social network older adults sex education psychology social

Depressive symptoms predict increased social and emotional loneliness in older adults (2020)

Abstract Objectives: Explorations of relationships between loneliness and depression have focused on loneliness as a uni-dimensional construct. We hypothesised that reciprocal relationships may exist between depressive symptomatology and social and emotional subtypes of loneliness. Methods: Using data from 373 adults aged over 50, who participated in an observational cohort study, we employed a cross-lagged approach within a Structural Equation Modelling framework, to investigate reciprocal links between depressive symptomatology, and social and emotional loneliness, across two waves of data collection, two years apart (controlling for age, sex, education, comorbidities, social network index, and perceived stress). Results: Both depressive symptomatology and loneliness decreased slightly between waves. Autoregressive effects were strong for all three variables of interest. Cross-lagged pathways were evident, such that depressive symptomatology at baseline predicted both emotional (b ¼ 0.26, p < 0.05) and social (b ¼ 0.17, p < 0.05) loneliness at follow-up. Neither emotional (b ¼ 0.07, p > 0.05) nor social (b ¼ 0.05, p > 0.05) loneliness at baseline predicted depressive symptomatology at follow-up. Conclusions: Results challenge existing understanding of the associations between loneliness and depression. Further investigation of emotional and social loneliness in individuals with depressive disorders is warranted. Findings are discussed in relation to mechanisms that may explain the relationships observed, and possible implications.
Collections Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion: Psychology
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Status = Published
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Subject = H Social Sciences: HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare: Welfare of older people
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Academic Unit = Faculty of Science and Engineering: Psychology
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Type = Article
Ireland -> National College Ireland -> Type = Article

Full list of authors on original publication

Brian A. Lawlor, Frank Kee, Sabina Brennan, Philip Hyland, Caoimhe Hannigan, Joanna McHugh Power

Experts in our system

1
Brian A. Lawlor
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
2
Frank Kee
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 25
 
3
Sabina Brennan
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 47
 
4
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231
 
5
Caoimhe Hannigan
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 58
 
6
Joanna E. McHugh Power
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 32