Type

Journal Article

Authors

Marylène Cloitre
Pernille Hansen
Pernille Spitz
Maj Hansen
David Murphy
Frédérique Vallières
Philip Hyland
Camila Perera
Ida Haahr-Pedersen

Subjects

Medicine & Nursing

Topics
multiple indicators childhood adversity risk factor mental and social health self report health and wellbeing latent class analysis public health

Females have more complex patterns of childhood adversity: implications for mental, social, and emotional outcomes in adulthood (2020)

Abstract Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been identified as an important public health problem with serious implications. Less well understood is how distinct configurations of childhood adversities carry differential risks for mental health, emotional, and social outcomes later in life. Objective: To determine if distinct profiles of childhood adversities exist for males and females and to examine if unique associations exist between the resultant latent profiles of childhood adversities and multiple indicators of mental health and social and emotional wellbeing in adulthood. Method: Participants (N = 1,839) were a nationally representative household sample of adults currently residing in the USA and the data were collected via online self-report questionnaires. Latent class analysis was used to identify the optimal number of classes to explain ACE co-occurrence among males and females, separately. ANOVAs, chi-square tests, and t-tests were used to compare male and female classes across multiple mental health, emotional, and social wellbeing variables in adulthood. Results: Females were significantly more likely than males to report a range of ACEs and mental health, social, and emotional difficulties in adulthood. Two- and four-class models were identified as the best fit for males and females, respectively, indicating more complexity and variation in ACE exposures among females. For males and female, ACEs were strongly associated with poorer mental health, emotional, and social outcomes in adulthood. Among females, growing up in a dysfunctional home environment was a significant risk factor for adverse social outcomes in adulthood. Conclusions: Males and females have distinct patterns of childhood adversities, with females experiencing more complex and varied patterns of childhood adversity. These patterns of ACEs were associated with numerous negative mental, emotional, and social outcomes among both sexes.
Collections Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Academic Unit = Faculty of Science and Engineering: Psychology
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Type = Article
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Status = Published

Full list of authors on original publication

Marylène Cloitre, Pernille Hansen, Pernille Spitz, Maj Hansen, David Murphy, Frédérique Vallières, Philip Hyland, Camila Perera, Ida Haahr-Pedersen

Experts in our system

1
Marylène Cloitre
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 38
 
2
Maj Hansen
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 21
 
3
David Murphy
University College Cork
Total Publications: 11
 
4
Frédérique Vallières
National College Ireland
Total Publications: 46
 
5
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231