Type

Journal Article

Authors

Mark Shevlin
Michal Mahat-Shamir
Osnat Lavenda
Yaira Hamama-Raz
Andreas Maercker
Thanos Karatzias
Philip Hyland
Ben-Ezra Menachem

Subjects

Medicine & Nursing

Topics
posttraumatic stress disorder prevalence rates health research nigeria mental health world health organization screening stress

A cross-country psychiatric screening of ICD-11 disorders specifically associated with stress in Kenya, Nigeria and Ghana (2020)

Abstract Background: The Global Forum for Health Research, with the support of the World Health Organization, highlighted the need to prioritize mental health research in Africa. The introduction of revised descriptions of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Adjustment Disorder, along with new diagnoses of Complex PTSD and Prolonged Grief Disorder, in the ICD-11 creates a need for additional national-level epidemiological studies on the prevalence of stress-related disorders. Methods: The prevalence rates of these four ICD-11 stress disorders were assessed in three African countries including Nigeria (N = 1006), Kenya (N = 1018), and Ghana (N = 500). Participants completed disorder-specific measures for each disorder. Findings: Across the entire sample, the current prevalence rate of probable Adjustment Disorder was 8.4% (95% C.I. = 7.4%, 9.6%), probable PTSD was 18.6% (95% C.I. = 17.2, 20.2%), probable Complex PTSD was 15.9% (95% C.I. = 14.5%, 17.4%) and probable Prolonged Grief Disorder was 3.7% (95% C.I. = 3.1%, 4.5%). Interpretation: The results are applicable primarily to well-educated urban and suburban adults in these African countries. Results indicated that Adjustment Disorder, PTSD, and CPTSD are highly prevalent in these three African countries. There is now a pressing need to develop culturally sensitive interventions to enable recovery from these conditions.
Collections Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Academic Unit = Faculty of Science and Engineering: Psychology
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Type = Article
Ireland -> Maynooth University -> Status = Published

Full list of authors on original publication

Mark Shevlin, Michal Mahat-Shamir, Osnat Lavenda, Yaira Hamama-Raz, Andreas Maercker, Thanos Karatzias, Philip Hyland, Ben-Ezra Menachem

Experts in our system

1
Mark Shevlin
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 125
 
2
Andreas Maercker
Maynooth University
Total Publications: 14
 
3
Thanos Karatzias
Maynooth University
Total Publications: 32
 
4
Philip Hyland
National College of Ireland
Total Publications: 231