Type

Journal Article

Authors

Michael Gill
Gary Donohoe

Subjects

Psychiatry

Topics
psychotic features bipolar disorder subphenotypes polygenic risk dissection schizophrenia genomic psychosis

Genomic Dissection of Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia, Including 28 Subphenotypes (2018)

Abstract Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are two distinct diagnoses that share symptomology. Understanding the genetic factors contributing to the shared and disorder-specific symptoms will be crucial for improving diagnosis and treatment. In genetic data consisting of 53,555 cases (20,129 bipolar disorder [BD], 33,426 schizophrenia [SCZ]) and 54,065 controls, we identified 114 genome-wide significant loci implicating synaptic and neuronal pathways shared between disorders. Comparing SCZ to BD (23,585 SCZ, 15,270 BD) identified four genomic regions including one with disorder-independent causal variants and potassium ion response genes as contributing to differences in biology between the disorders. Polygenic risk score (PRS) analyses identified several significant correlations within case-only phenotypes including SCZ PRS with psychotic features and age of onset in BD. For the first time, we discover specific loci that distinguish between BD and SCZ and identify polygenic components underlying multiple symptom dimensions. These results point to the utility of genetics to inform symptomology and potential treatment.
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Full list of authors on original publication

Michael Gill, Gary Donohoe

Experts in our system

1
Michael Gill
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 294
 
2
Gary Donohoe
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 162