Type

Journal Article

Authors

Jonathan Coleman

Subjects

Chemistry

Topics
optical properties surface passivation iron pyrite transition metal non layered material lithium ion battery crystal structure liquid phase exfoliation

Production of Quasi-2D Platelets of Non-Layered Iron Pyrite (FeS2) by Liquid-Phase Exfoliation for High Performance Battery Electrodes (2020)

Abstract Over the last fifteen years, two-dimensional (2D) materials have been studied and exploited for many applications. In many cases, 2D materials are formed by the exfoliation of layered crystals such as transition-metal disulphides. However, it has recently become clear that it is possible to exfoliate non-layered materials so long as they have a non-isotropic bonding arrangement. Here, we report the synthesis of 2D-platelets from the earth-abundant, non-layered metal sulfide, iron pyrite (FeS2), using liquid-phase exfoliation. The resultant 2D platelets exhibit the same crystal structure as bulk pyrite but are surface passivated with a density of 14x1018 groups/m2. They form stable suspensions in common solvents and can be size-selected and liquid processed. Although the platelets have relative low aspect ratios (~5), this is in line with the anisotropic cleavage energy of bulk FeS2. We observe size-dependent changes to optical properties leading to spectroscopic metrics which can be used to estimate the dimensions of platelets. These platelets can be used to produce lithium ion battery anodes with capacities approaching 1000 mAh/g.
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Full list of authors on original publication

Jonathan Coleman

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Jonathan Coleman
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 217