Type

Journal Article

Authors

Arun Bokde
Robert Whelan

Subjects

Psychiatry

Topics
depressive disorders puberty brain networks default mode network dmn the intrinsic functional connectivity ifc puberty and sex intrinsic functional connectivity ifc sex

Pubertal maturation and sex effects on the default-mode network connectivity implicated in mood dysregulation (2019)

Abstract This study examines the effects of puberty and sex on the intrinsic functional connectivity (iFC) of brain networks, with a focus on the default-mode network (DMN). Consistently implicated in depressive disorders, the DMN’s function may interact with puberty and sex in the development of these disorders, whose onsets peak in adolescence, and which show strong sex disproportionality (females > males). The main question concerns how the DMN evolves with puberty as a function of sex. These effects are expected to involve within- and between-network iFC, particularly, the salienceand the central-executive networks, consistent with the Triple-Network Model. Resting-state scans of an adolescent community sample (n=304, male/female: 157/147; mean/std age: 14.6/0.41 years), from the IMAGEN database, were analyzed using the AFNI software suite and a data reduction strategy for the effects of puberty and sex. Three midline regions (medial prefrontal, pregenual anterior cingulate, and posterior cingulate), within the DMN and consistently implicated in mood disorders, were selected as seeds. Within- and between-network clusters of the DMN iFC changed with pubertal maturation differently in boys and girls (puberty-X-sex). Specifically, pubertal maturation predictedweaker iFC in girls and stronger iFC in boys. Finally, iFC was stronger in boys than girls independently of puberty. Brain–behavior associations indicated that lower connectivity of the anterior cingulate seed predicted higher internalizing symptoms at 2-year follow-up. In conclusion, weaker iFC of the anterior DMN may signal disconnections among circuits supporting mood regulation, conferring risk for internalizing disorders.
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Full list of authors on original publication

Arun Bokde, Robert Whelan

Experts in our system

1
Arun L W Bokde
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 144
 
2
Robert Whelan
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 80