Type

Journal Article

Authors

Douwe van Sinderen
Viktor Boer
Tadhg O'Sullivan
Jennifer Mahony
Marine Feyereisen

Subjects

Microbiology

Topics
polysaccharide lactic acid bacteria plasmid resistance beer spoilage phage hora microbiology lactobacillus brevis cell wall

A plasmid-encoded putative glycosyltransferase is involved in hop tolerance and beer spoilage in Lactobacillus brevis (2020)

Abstract Lactobacillus brevis beer-spoiling strains harbor plasmids that contain genes such as horA, horC, and hitA which are known to confer hop tolerance. The L. brevis beer-spoiling strain UCCLBBS124, which possesses four plasmids, was treated with novobiocin, resulting in the isolation of UCCLBBS124 derivatives exhibiting hop sensitivity and an inability to grow in beer. One selected derivative was shown to have lost a single plasmid, here designated UCCLBBS124_D, which harbors the UCCLBBS124_pD0015 gene, predicted to encode a glycosyltransferase. Hop tolerance and growth in beer were restored when UCCLBBS124_pD0015 was introduced in one of these hop-sensitive derivatives on a plasmid. We hypothesize that this gene modifies the surface composition of the polysaccharide cell wall, conferring protection against hop compounds. Furthermore, the introduction of this gene in trans in L. brevis UCCLB521, a strain that cannot grow in and spoil beer, was shown to furnish the resulting strain with the ability to grow in beer, while its expression also conferred phage resistance. This study underscores how the acquisition of certain mobile genetic elements plays a role in hop tolerance and beer spoilage for strains of this bacterial species.IMPORTANCELactobacillus brevis is a member of the lactic acid bacteria and is often reported as the causative agent of food or beverage spoilage, in particular, that of beer. Bacterial spoilage of beer may result in product withdrawal or recall, with concomitant economic losses for the brewing industry. A very limited number of genes involved in beer spoilage have been identified and primarily include those involved in hop resistance, such as horA, hitA, and horC However, since none of these genes are universal, it is clear that there are likely (many) other molecular players involved in beer spoilage. Here, we report on the importance of a plasmid-encoded glycosyltransferase associated with beer spoilage by L. brevis that is involved in hop tolerance. The study highlights the complexity of the genetic requirements to facilitate beer spoilage and the role of multiple key players in this process.
Collections Ireland -> University College Cork -> APC Microbiome Institute
Ireland -> University College Cork -> College of Science, Engineering and Food Science
Ireland -> University College Cork -> APC Microbiome Institute- Journal Articles
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Microbiology
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Research Institutes and Centres
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Microbiology - Journal Articles

Full list of authors on original publication

Douwe van Sinderen, Viktor Boer, Tadhg O'Sullivan, Jennifer Mahony, Marine Feyereisen

Experts in our system

1
Douwe van Sinderen
University College Cork
Total Publications: 144
 
2
Tadhg O'Sullivan
University College Cork
Total Publications: 7
 
3
Jennifer Mahony
University College Cork
Total Publications: 87
 
4
Marine Feyereisen
University College Cork
Total Publications: 6