Book Chapter


David Lewis
Joss Moorkens



machine translation language resources translation memory machine learning data dispossession translation copyright large scale training data

Copyright and the reuse of translation as data (2019)

Abstract Translation copyright was first codified as a derivative work in the Berne Convention of 1886, subject to the rights of the creator of the original work. While most countries are now contracting parties to the Berne Convention, differing interpretations and additional laws and directives mean that rights to ownership of a translation are not consistent in all jurisdictions. The original intention of the Berne Convention was to protect authors’ rights and to prevent piracy, and the authors could not have foreseen the large scale reuse of translations, initially via translation memory tools, then as training data for machine translation (MT) systems. Parallel data is repurposed in ever-increasing amounts, but broken down to word and subword levels. At present, rights to ownership are rarely passed to the translator, meaning that, while an initial translation may be costly, secondary uses are very inexpensive. This chapter explores the history of translation copyright and leveraging, and introduces concerns relating to machine learning more generally and applies them to translation.
Collections Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Publication Type = Book Section
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = Research Initiatives and Centres: ADAPT
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Status = Published
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools: Faculty of Humanities and Social Science: School of Applied Language and Intercultural Studies
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = Research Initiatives and Centres: Centre for Translation and Textual Studies (CTTS)

Full list of authors on original publication

David Lewis, Joss Moorkens

Experts in our system

David Lewis
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 86
Joss Moorkens
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 26