Type

Journal Article

Authors

John Gilmore
Simon J More
Bernadette Earley
Emer Kennedy
Ingrid Lorenz
Ian Hogan

Subjects

Veterinary

Topics
disease prevention disease management housing respiratory disease health management risk factors housing management castration economic viability periparturient management suckler calf weaning calf health pneumonia dehorning

Calf health from birth to weaning. III. housing and management of calf pneumonia (2011)

Abstract Calfhood diseases have a major impact on the economic viability of cattle operations. A three part review series has been developed focusing on calf health from birth to weaning. In this paper, the last of the three part series, we review disease prevention and management with particular reference to pneumonia, focusing primarily on the pre-weaned calf. Pneumonia in recently weaned suckler calves is also considered, where the key risk factors are related to the time of weaning. Weaning of the suckler calf is often combined with additional stressors including a change in nutrition, environmental change, transport and painful husbandry procedures (castration, dehorning). The reduction of the cumulative effects of these multiple stressors around the time of weaning together with vaccination programmes (preconditioning) can reduce subsequent morbidity and mortality in the feedlot. In most studies, calves housed individually and calves housed outdoors with shelter, are associated with decreased risk of disease. Even though it poses greater management challenges, successful group housing of calves is possible. Special emphasis should be given to equal age groups and to keeping groups stable once they are formed. The management of pneumonia in calves is reliant on a sound understanding of aetiology, relevant risk factors, and of effective approaches to diagnosis and treatment. Early signs of pneumonia include increased respiratory rate and fever, followed by depression. The single most important factor determining the success of therapy in calves with pneumonia is early onset of treatment, and subsequent adequate duration of treatment. The efficacy and economical viability of vaccination against respiratory disease in calves remains unclear.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> Veterinary Medicine Research Collection (superseded in 2015)
Ireland -> Teagasc -> Teagasc publications in Biomed Central
Ireland -> Teagasc -> Other Teagasc Research
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> Institutes and Centres
Ireland -> Teagasc -> Animal & Bioscience
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> College of Agriculture, Food Science and Veterinary Medicine (superseded in 2015)
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> School of Veterinary Medicine (superseded in 2015)
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> Centre for Veterinary Epidemiology and Risk Analysis (CVERA)
Ireland -> Teagasc -> Animal & Bioscience
Ireland -> Teagasc -> Animal & Grassland Research & Innovation Programme
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> CVERA Research Collection
Ireland -> Teagasc -> Other Teagasc Research
Ireland -> Teagasc -> Teagasc publications in Biomed Central
Ireland -> Teagasc -> Animal & Grassland Research & Innovation Programme

Full list of authors on original publication

John Gilmore, Simon J More, Bernadette Earley, Emer Kennedy, Ingrid Lorenz, Ian Hogan

Experts in our system

1
John Gilmore
Teagasc
Total Publications: 3
 
2
S J More
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 171
 
3
Bernadette Earley
Teagasc
Total Publications: 114
 
4
E Kennedy
Teagasc
Total Publications: 39
 
5
Ingrid Lorenz
Teagasc
Total Publications: 21
 
6
Ian Hogan
Teagasc
Total Publications: 4