Type

Working Paper

Authors

Cormac Ó Gráda
Morgan Kelly

Subjects

History

Topics
living standards early medieval england marriages malthus thomas robert 1766 1834 merchets early modern wheat prices

The Preventive Check in Medieval and Pre-industrial England (2011)

Abstract England’s post-Reformation demographic regime has been characterized as 'low pressure'. Yet the evidence hitherto for the presence of a preventive check, defined as the short-run response of marriage and births to variations in living standards, is rather weak. New evidence in this paper strengthens the case for the preventive check in both medieval and early modern England. We invoke manorial data to argue the case for a preventive check on marriages in the middle ages. Our analysis of the post-1540 period, based on parish-level rather than aggregate data, finds evidence for a preventive check on marriages and births.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> Economics Working Papers & Policy Papers
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> School of Economics
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> College of Social Sciences and Law

Full list of authors on original publication

Cormac Ó Gráda, Morgan Kelly

Experts in our system

1
Cormac Ó Gráda
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 179
 
2
Morgan Kelly
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 29