Type

Journal Article

Authors

Anne Byrne
Kate Irving
Jonathan Drennan
Michelle Butler
Padraig MacNeela
Anne P. Scott
Margaret P. Treacy
Abbey Hyde

Subjects

Sociology

Topics
nursing records nurse s role nursing practice activities of daily living social regulation discourse analysis medicalisation nursing documentation

Social regulation, medicalisation and the nurse's role: insights from an analysis of nursing documentation (2006)

Abstract Background: Medicine is recognised as a dominant source of governmentality and social regulation, and although nursing has been implicated in the same process, analytical work in this area has been sparse. Objectives: The article aims to present an analysis of nursing records in order to understand the structural and social processes that mediate the texts. Methods: 45 sets of nursing records drawn from four clinical sites in Ireland were subjected to a discourse analysis. Results: This article focuses on two main themes that were derived from data: (i) the manner in which nurses controlled, regulated and invigilated patients' activities of daily living and (ii) the way in which activities of daily living were mediated by a biomedical worldview in the clinical settings. Through the organising framework of Activities of Daily Living (ADLs), normative social practices relating to hygiene, eating and drinking, sleeping and so forth were surveyed and monitored within clinical settings. We construct qualitative categories around a range of ways that nurses assessed and judged patients' capacities at ADLs. Furthermore, it is argued that the framework of ADLs epitomises the medicalisation of normative social practices, whereupon the most mundane of normal functions become redefined as an actual or potential clinical pathology, legitimating nursing interventions. According to the nursing documentation, biochemical interventions in the form of various medications were the most dominant means through which nurses attempted to restore or improve the functional capacity of an ADL. Conclusion: We conclude by proposing that nurses' invigilation of patients' ADLs is not necessarily a repressive feature of nursing practice, but rather has the potential to be used to advocate on patients' behalf in certain circumstances.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> Nursing, Midwifery & Health Systems Research Collection
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> College of Health and Agricultural Sciences
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> School of Nursing, Midwifery & Health Systems

Full list of authors on original publication

Anne Byrne, Kate Irving, Jonathan Drennan, Michelle Butler, Padraig MacNeela, Anne P. Scott, Margaret P. Treacy, Abbey Hyde

Experts in our system

1
Kate Irving
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 66
 
2
Jonathan Drennan
University College Cork
Total Publications: 74
 
3
Michelle Butler
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 49
 
4
Anne Scott
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 18
 
5
Abbey Hyde
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 75