Type

Journal Article

Authors

M. D. Gilchrist
Thomas Blaine Hoshizaki
Andrew Post

Subjects

Psychiatry

Topics
traumatic brain injury subarachnoid hemorrhage linear acceleration principle components analysis subdural hematoma kinematics principal components analysis influence

The influence of acceleration loading curve characteristics on traumatic brain injury (2014)

Abstract To prevent brain trauma, understanding the mechanism of injury is essential. Once the mechanism of brain injury has been identified, prevention technologies could then be developed to aid in their prevention. The incidence of brain injury is linked to how the kinematics of a brain injury event affects the internal structures of the brain. As a result it is essential that an attempt be made to describe how the characteristics of the linear and rotational acceleration influence specific traumatic brain injury lesions. As a result, the purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the characteristics of linear and rotational acceleration pulses and how they account for the variance in predicting the outcome of TBI lesions, namely contusion, subdural hematoma (SDH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and epidural hematoma (EDH) using a principal components analysis (PCA). Monorail impacts were conducted which simulated falls which caused the TBI lesions. From these reconstructions, the characteristics of the linear and rotational acceleration were determined and used for a PCA analysis. The results indicated that peak resultant acceleration variables did not account for any of the variance in predicting TBI lesions. The majority of the variance was accounted for by duration of the resultant and component linear and rotational acceleration. In addition, the components of linear and rotational acceleration characteristics on the x, y, and z axes accounted for the majority of the remainder of the variance after duration.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> Mechanical & Materials Engineering Research Collection
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> College of Engineering & Architecture
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Full list of authors on original publication

M. D. Gilchrist, Thomas Blaine Hoshizaki, Andrew Post

Experts in our system

1
M. D. Gilchrist
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 172
 
2
Thomas Blaine Hoshizaki
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 31
 
3
Andrew Post
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 29