Type

Book Chapter

Authors

M. D. Gilchrist
Thomas Blaine Hoshizaki
Anna Oeur

Subjects

Engineering

Topics
brain tissue hybrid iii headform dynamic response head impact angle finite element analysis head injury finite element model brain deformation

The Influence of Impact Angle on the Dynamic Response of a Hybrid III Headform and Brain Tissue Deformation (2014)

Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of impact angle on the dynamic response of a Hybrid III headform and brain tissue deformation by impacting the front and side of the headform with four angle conditions (0° at the impact site and 5°, 10° and 15° counter-clockwise rotations from 0°) as well as three additional angles of -5°, -10° and -15° (clockwise rotations from 0°) at the side location to examine the effect of direction. The acceleration-time curves were used as input into a finite element model of the brain where maximum principal strain was calculated. The results from this study show that impact angle has an asymmetrical influence on headform dynamic responses and strain. An increase in impact angle tends to result in a growth of headform linear and rotational acceleration and maximum principal strain for the front location as well as the negative angles (0 to -15°) at the side, however varying trends were observed for the positive angles (from 0° to 15°) at the side. When developing sophisticated impact protocols and undertaking head injury reconstruction research, it is important to be aware of impact angle.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> Mechanical & Materials Engineering Research Collection
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> College of Engineering & Architecture
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Full list of authors on original publication

M. D. Gilchrist, Thomas Blaine Hoshizaki, Anna Oeur

Experts in our system

1
M. D. Gilchrist
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 172
 
2
Thomas Blaine Hoshizaki
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 31
 
3
Anna Oeur
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 6