Type

Journal Article

Authors

M. D. Gilchrist
Manuel A. Forero Rueda

Subjects

Physiotherapy & Sport

Topics
models biological multibody dynamics posture biophysical phenomena manikins computer simulation accidental falls head injury brain injuries monkey bars injury severity score biophysical processes multibody modelling impact surface play and playthings biomechanics biomechanical phenomena surface properties forensic medicine humans initial conditions injury severity child

Comparative multibody dynamics analysis of falls from playground climbing frames (2009)

Abstract This paper shows the utility of multibody dynamics in evaluating changes in injury related parameters of the head and lower limbs of children following falls from playground climbing frames. A particular fall case was used as a starting point to analyze the influence of surface properties, posture of the body at impact, and intermediate collisions against the climbing frame before impacting the ground. Simulations were made using the 6-year-old pedestrian MADYMO rigid body model and scaled head contact characteristics. Energy absorbing surfaces were shown to reduce injury severity parameters by up to 30-80% of those of rigid surfaces, depending on impact posture and surface. Collisions against components of a climbing frame during a fall can increase injury severity of the final impact of the head with the ground by more than 90%. Negligible changes are associated with lower limb injury risks when different surfacing materials are used. Computer reconstructions of actual falls that are intended to quantify the severity of physical injuries rely on accurate knowledge of initial conditions prior to falling, intermediate kinematics of the fall and the orientation of the body when it impacts against the ground. Multibody modelling proved to be a valuable tool to analyze the quality of eye-witness information and analyze the relative injury risk associated with changes in components influencing fall injuries from playground climbing frames. Such simulations can also support forensic investigations by evaluating alternative hypotheses for the sequence of kinematic motion of falls which result in known injuries.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> Mechanical & Materials Engineering Research Collection
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> College of Engineering & Architecture
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Full list of authors on original publication

M. D. Gilchrist, Manuel A. Forero Rueda

Experts in our system

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M. D. Gilchrist
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 172