Type

Journal Article

Authors

M. D. Gilchrist
T. J. Horgan

Subjects

Engineering

Topics
neural tissue head injury brain trauma cerebrospinal fluid intracranial pressure head impact biomechanics finite element modelling university college dublin

Influence of FE model variability in predicting brain motion and intracranial pressure changes in head impact simulations (2004)

Abstract In order to create a useful computational tool that will aid in the understanding and perhaps prevention of head injury, it is important to know the quantitative influence of the constitutive properties, geometry and model formulations of the intracranial contents upon the mechanics of a head impact event. The University College Dublin Brain Trauma Model (UCDBTM) [1] has been refined and validated against a series of cadaver tests and the influence of different model formulations has been investigated. In total six different model configurations were constructed: (i) the baseline model, (ii) a refined baseline model which explicitly differentiates between grey and white neural tissue, (iii) a model with three elements through the thickness of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) layer, (iv) a model simulating a sliding boundary, (v) a projection mesh model (which also distinguishes between neural tissue) and (vi) a morphed model. These models have been compared against cadaver tests of Trosseille [2] and of Hardy [3]. The results indicate that, despite the fundamental differences between these six model formulations, the comparisons with the experimentally measured pressures and relative displacements were largely consistent and in good agreement. These results may prove useful for those attempting to model real life accident scenarios, especially when the time to construct a patient specific model using traditional mesh generation approaches is taken into account.
Collections Ireland -> University College Dublin -> Mechanical & Materials Engineering Research Collection
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> College of Engineering & Architecture
Ireland -> University College Dublin -> School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Full list of authors on original publication

M. D. Gilchrist, T. J. Horgan

Experts in our system

1
M. D. Gilchrist
University College Dublin
Total Publications: 172