Type

Journal Article

Authors

Gerard P Sergeant
Keith D. Thornbury
Noel G McHale
A. Baba
T Matsuda
Roddy J. Large
Louise Johnston
Mark A Hollywood
Eamonn Bradley

Subjects

Biology

Topics
contribution spontaneous science exchange single cell chloride channels interstitial cells of cajal urethra

Contribution of reverse Na + –Ca 2+ exchange to spontaneous activity in interstitial cells of Cajal in the rabbit urethra (2006)

Abstract Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) isolated from the rabbit urethra exhibit regular Ca 2+ oscillations that are associated with spontaneous transient inward currents (STICs) recorded under voltage clamp. Their frequency is known to be very sensitive to external Ca 2+ concentration but the mechanism of this has yet to be elucidated. In the present study experiments were performed to assess the role of Na + –Ca 2+ exchange (NCX) in this process. Membrane currents were recorded using the patch clamp technique and measurements of intracellular Ca 2+ were made using fast confocal microscopy. When reverse mode NCX was enhanced by decreasing the external Na + concentration [Na + ] o from 130 to 13 mM, the frequency of global Ca 2+ oscillations and STICs increased. Conversely, inhibition of reverse mode NCX by KB-R7943 and SEA0400 decreased the frequency of Ca 2+ oscillations and STICs. Application of caffeine (10 mM) and noradrenaline (10 μM) induced transient Ca 2+ -activated chloride currents (I ClCa ) at −60 mV due to release of Ca 2+ from ryanodine- and inositol trisphosphate (IP 3 )-sensitive Ca 2+ stores, respectively, but these responses were not blocked by KB-R7943 or SEA0400 suggesting that neither drug blocked Ca 2+ -activated chloride channels or Ca 2+ release from stores. Intact strips of rabbit urethra smooth muscle develop spontaneous myogenic tone. This tone was relaxed by application of SEA0400 in a concentration-dependent fashion. Finally, single cell RT-PCR experiments revealed that isolated ICC from the rabbit urethra only express the type 3 isoform of the Na + –Ca 2+ exchanger (NCX3). These results suggest that frequency of spontaneous activity in urethral ICC can be modulated by Ca 2+ entry via reverse NCX.
Collections Ireland -> Dundalk IT -> Subject = Science
Ireland -> Dundalk IT -> Open Access DRIVERset
Ireland -> Dundalk IT -> Status = Published
Ireland -> Dundalk IT -> Type = Article

Full list of authors on original publication

Gerard P Sergeant, Keith D. Thornbury, Noel G McHale, A. Baba, T Matsuda, Roddy J. Large, Louise Johnston, Mark A Hollywood, Eamonn Bradley

Experts in our system

1
Gerard P Sergeant
Dundalk IT
Total Publications: 24
 
2
Keith D. Thornbury
Dundalk IT
Total Publications: 27
 
3
Noel G McHale
Dundalk IT
Total Publications: 35
 
4
Roddy J. Large
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Total Publications: 4
 
5
Mark A Hollywood
Dundalk IT
Total Publications: 35