Type

Journal Article

Authors

Ivan J Perry
Michal Molcho
Jennifer Lutomski
Richard Layte
Anthony P Fitzgerald
Janas Harrington

Subjects

Physiotherapy & Sport

Topics
diet socioeconomic factors humans adult educational attainment smoking adolescent cross sectional studies diet surveys health inequalities female dietary inequalities marital status social support life style health surveys choice behavior logistic models score male young adult ireland middle aged aged alcohol consumption feeding behavior surveys and questionnaires motor activity diet social aspects dietary quality dash dietary approaches multivariate analysis body mass index social class

Sociodemographic, health and lifestyle predictors of poor diets (2011)

Abstract Objective Poor-quality diet, regarded as an important contributor to health inequalities, is linked to adverse health outcomes. We investigated sociodemographic and lifestyle predictors of poor-quality diet in a population sample.Design A cross-sectional analysis of the Survey of Lifestyle, Attitudes and Nutrition (SLÁN). Diet was assessed using an FFQ (n 9223, response rate = 89 %), from which a dietary score (the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) score) was constructed.Setting General population of the Republic of Ireland.Subjects The SLÁN survey is a two-stage clustered sample of 10 364 individuals aged 18 years.Results Adjusting for age and gender, a number of sociodemographic, lifestyle and health-related variables were associated with poor-quality diet: social class, education, marital status, social support, food poverty (FP), smoking status, alcohol consumption, underweight and self-perceived general health. These associations persisted when adjusted for age, gender and social class. They were not significantly altered in the multivariate analysis, although the association with social support was attenuated and that with FP was borderline significant (OR = 1·2, 95 % CI 1·03, 1·45). A classical U-shaped relationship between alcohol consumption and dietary quality was observed. Dietary quality was associated with social class, educational attainment, FP and related core determinants of health.Conclusions The extent to which social inequalities in health can be explained by socially determined differences in dietary intake is probably underestimated. The use of composite dietary quality scores such as the DASH score to address the issue of confounding by diet in the relationship between alcohol consumption and health merits further study.
Collections Ireland -> University College Cork -> Epidemiology and Public Health
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Mathematical Sciences- Journal Articles
Ireland -> University College Cork -> College of Medicine and Health
Ireland -> University College Cork -> College of Science, Engineering and Food Science
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Epidemiology and Public Health - Journal Articles
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Mathematical Sciences

Full list of authors on original publication

Ivan J Perry, Michal Molcho, Jennifer Lutomski, Richard Layte, Anthony P Fitzgerald, Janas Harrington

Experts in our system

1
Ivan J Perry
University College Cork
Total Publications: 188
 
2
Michal Molcho
National University of Ireland Galway
Total Publications: 33
 
3
Jennifer Lutomski
University College Cork
Total Publications: 33
 
4
Richard Layte
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 85
 
5
Anthony P Fitzgerald
University College Cork
Total Publications: 73
 
6
Janas Harrington
University College Cork
Total Publications: 59