Journal Article


David Woods



labarum septimius severus octavian postumus vision constantine sun sol solar halo mark antony

Postumus and the three suns: neglected numismatic evidence for a solar halo (2012)

Abstract The coinage of the emperor Postumus (AD260-69) included an aureus of unique reverse type depicting three draped and radiate busts in a row, with the centre bust facing forward while the two busts on either side face sideways towards it. It is argued that this depicts three busts of Sol and was intended to symbolize the apparent appearance of three suns in the sky, as described, for example by Pliny the Elder (NH 2.99), that is, the occurrence of a solar halo. A number of other coins almost certainly commemorate similar events, although not in the same way, from issues by Mark Antony in 42BC to issues under Constantine I from 310.
Collections Ireland -> University College Cork -> Classics - Journal Articles
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Classics
Ireland -> University College Cork -> College of Arts, Celtic Studies and Social Sciences

Full list of authors on original publication

David Woods

Experts in our system

David Woods
University College Cork
Total Publications: 30