Type

Journal Article

Authors

Ella Arensman
Ivan J Perry
Helen S. Keeley
Paul Corcoran
Udo Reulbach
Elaine M. McMahon

Subjects

Psychiatry

Topics
adolescent psychology gender differences deliberate self harm dsh adolescence school based study ireland europe case child and adolescent self harm self harm deliberate

Factors associated with deliberate self-harm among Irish adolescents (2010)

Abstract Background. Deliberate self-harm (DSH) is a major public health problem, with young peoplemost at risk. Lifetime prevalence of DSH in Irish adolescents is between 8% and 12%, and it isthree times more prevalent among girls than boys. The aim of the study was to identify thepsychological, lifestyle and life event factors associated with self-harm in Irish adolescents.Method. A cross-sectional study was conducted, with 3,881 adolescents in 39 schoolscompleting an anonymous questionnaire as part of the Child and Adolescent Self-harm inEurope (CASE) study. There was an equal gender balance and 53.1% of students were 16 yearsold. Information was obtained on history of self-harm life events, and demographic,psychological and lifestyle factors.Results. Based on multi-variate analyses, important factors associated with DSH among bothgenders were drug use and knowing a friend who had engaged in self-harm. Among girls, poorself-esteem, forced sexual activity, self-harm of a family member, fights with parents andproblems with friendships also remained in the final model. For boys, experiencing bullying,problems with schoolwork, impulsivity, and anxiety remained.Conclusions. Distinct profiles of boys and girls who engage in self-harm were identified.Associations between DSH and some lifestyle and life event factors suggest that mental healthfactors are not the sole indicators of risk of self-harm. The importance of school-related riskfactors underline the need to develop gender-specific initiatives in schools to reduce theprevalence of self-harm.
Collections Ireland -> University College Cork -> Epidemiology and Public Health
Ireland -> University College Cork -> College of Medicine and Health
Ireland -> University College Cork -> Epidemiology and Public Health - Journal Articles

Full list of authors on original publication

Ella Arensman, Ivan J Perry, Helen S. Keeley, Paul Corcoran, Udo Reulbach, Elaine M. McMahon

Experts in our system

1
Ella Arensman
University College Cork
Total Publications: 49
 
2
Ivan J Perry
University College Cork
Total Publications: 188
 
3
Helen Keeley
University College Cork
Total Publications: 22
 
4
Paul Corcoran
University College Cork
Total Publications: 67
 
5
Elaine M. McMahon
University College Cork
Total Publications: 18