Type

Conference Proceedings

Authors

Gareth J. F. Jones
Johannes Leveling
Debasis Ganguly

Subjects

Computer Science

Topics
text segmentation query expansion information retrieval retrieval effectiveness query segmentation prf pseudo relevance feedback patent prior art search

United we fall, divided we stand: A study of query segmentation and PRF for patent prior art search (2011)

Abstract Previous research in patent search has shown that reducing queries by extracting a few key terms is ineffective primarily because of the vocabulary mismatch between patent applications used as queries and existing patent documents. This finding has led to the use of full patent applications as queries in patent prior art search. In addition, standard information retrieval (IR) techniques such as query expansion (QE) do not work effectively with patent queries, principally because of the presence of noise terms in the massive queries. In this study, we take a new approach to QE for patent search. Text segmentation is used to decompose a patent query into selfcoherent sub-topic blocks. Each of these much shorted sub-topic blocks which is representative of a specific aspect or facet of the invention, is then used as a query to retrieve documents. Documents retrieved using the different resulting sub-queries or query streams are interleaved to construct a final ranked list. This technique can exploit the potential benefit of QE since the segmented queries are generally more focused and less ambiguous than the full patent query. Experiments on the CLEF-2010 IP prior-art search task show that the proposed method outperforms the retrieval effectiveness achieved when using a single full patent application text as the query, and also demonstrates the potential benefits of QE to alleviate the vocabulary mismatch problem in patent search.
Collections Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Publication Type = Conference or Workshop Item
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools: Faculty of Engineering and Computing: School of Computing
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Computer Science
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = Research Initiatives and Centres: Centre for Next Generation Localisation (CNGL)
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Status = Published
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Computer Science: Information retrieval
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools: Faculty of Engineering and Computing
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = Research Initiatives and Centres

Full list of authors on original publication

Gareth J. F. Jones, Johannes Leveling, Debasis Ganguly

Experts in our system

1
Gareth J. F. Jones
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 265
 
2
Johannes Leveling
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 65
 
3
Debasis Ganguly
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 28