Type

Journal Article

Authors

Sumsun Naher
Tasneem Gul Kazi
Dermot Brabazon
Hassan Imran Afridi

Subjects

Chemistry

Topics
alcohol drinking cigarette smokers copper iron toxic elements scalp hair zinc mechanical engineering

Evaluation of essential trace and toxic elements in scalp hair samples of smokers and alcohol user hypertensive patients (2011)

Abstract The incidence of hypertension has been associated to cigarette smoking and consumption of alcohol. In the present study, trace and toxic elements were determined in scalp hair of patients diagnosed with hypertension who are smokers and habitual alcohol drinkers living in Dublin, Ireland. These results were compared with age- and sex-matched healthy, nonsmokers, nondrinking controls. The concentrations of trace and toxic elements were measured by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrophotometer after microwave-assisted acid digestion. The validity and accuracy of the methodology were checked using certified reference material (NCS ZC 81002b) and by the conventional wet acid digestion method on the same certified reference material and on real samples. The recovery of all the studied elements was found to be in the range of 97.5%ā€“99.7% in certified reference material. The results of this study showed that the mean values of cadmium, copper, iron, nickel and lead were significantly higher in scalp hair samples of both smoker and nonsmoker hypertensive patients than referents (Pā€‰<ā€‰0.001); whereas, the concentration of zinc was lower in the scalp hair samples of hypertensive patients of both genders. The deficiency of zinc and the high exposure of trace and toxic metals as a result of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption may be synergistic with risk factors associated with hypertension.
Collections Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Publication Type = Article
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Status = Published
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools: Faculty of Engineering and Computing: School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Engineering: Mechanical engineering
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools: Faculty of Engineering and Computing
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Engineering

Full list of authors on original publication

Sumsun Naher, Tasneem Gul Kazi, Dermot Brabazon, Hassan Imran Afridi

Experts in our system

1
Sumsun Naher
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 56
 
2
Dermot Brabazon
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 162