Type

Journal Article

Authors

Sumsun Naher
Dermot Brabazon
Tasneem Gul Kazi
Hassan Imran Afridi

Subjects

Chemistry

Topics
alcohol consumption trace elements diabetes mellitus inductively coupled plasma cigarette smokers scalp hair biomedical engineering materials

Interaction between essential trace and toxic elements in the scalp hair samples of smokers and alcohol user diabetics (2012)

Abstract In the present study, trace and toxic elements were determined in the Scalp Hair (SH) samples of patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM) who were smokers and habitual alcohol drinkers living in Dublin, Ireland. The concentrations of elements were measured by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrophotometer after microwave-assisted acid digestion. The validity and accuracy of the methodology was checked using Certified Reference Material (CRM) (NCS ZC 81002b) and by the conventional wet acid digestion method on the same CRM. The results of this study showed that the mean values of cadmium, copper, iron, nickel and lead were significantly higher (P<0.001), in scalp hair samples of diabetic patients as compared to referents of both gender. While the smokers and alcohol drinker referents and DM patients have two to three time higher values of these elements than those subjects who were not smokers and teetotallers. The concentrations of zinc, chromium and manganese were lower in the scalp hair samples of diabetic patients as compared to referents. The deficiency of zinc, chromium and manganese, while the high exposure of cadmium, lead and nickel, as a result of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption, may be synergistic with risk factors associated with diabetes.
Collections Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Publication Type = Article
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Status = Published
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools: Faculty of Engineering and Computing: School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools: Faculty of Engineering and Computing
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Engineering: Materials
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Engineering
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Engineering: Biomedical engineering

Full list of authors on original publication

Sumsun Naher, Dermot Brabazon, Tasneem Gul Kazi, Hassan Imran Afridi

Experts in our system

1
Sumsun Naher
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 56
 
2
Dermot Brabazon
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 162