Type

Conference Proceedings

Authors

Cathal Gurrin
Zhengwei Qiu
Jinlin Guo

Subjects

Computer Science

Topics
semantic concept detection information retrieval visual representation content based machine learning image processing algorithms digital video

Exploring the optimal visual vocabulary sizes for semantic concept detection (2013)

Abstract The framework based on the Bag-of-Visual-Words (BoVW) feature representation and SVM classification is popularly used for generic content-based concept detection or visual categorization. However, visual vocabulary (VV) size, one important factor in this framework, is always chosen differently and arbitrarily in previous work. In this paper, we focus on investigating the optimal VV sizes depending on other components of this framework which also govern the performance. This is useful as a default VV size for reducing the computation cost. By unsupervised clustering, a series of VVs covering wide size range are evaluated under two popular local features, three assignment modes, and four kernels on two different scale benchmarking datasets respectively. These factors are also evaluated. Experimental results show that best VV sizes vary as these factors change. However, the concept detection performance usually improves as the VV size increases initially, and then gains less, or even deteriorates if larger VVs are used since overfitting happens. Overall, VVs with sizes ranging from 1024 to 4096 achieve best performance with higher probability when compared with other-size VVs. With regard to the other factors, experimental results show that the OpponentSIFT descriptor outperforms the SURF feature, and soft assignment mode yields better performance than binary and hard assignment. In addition, generalized RBF kernels such as Chi-square and Laplace RBF kernels are more appropriate for semantic concept detection with SVM classification.
Collections Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Status = Published
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools: Faculty of Engineering and Computing: School of Electronic Engineering
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Publication Type = Conference or Workshop Item
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools: Faculty of Engineering and Computing: School of Computing
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Computer Science: Image processing
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Computer Science
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Computer Science: Information retrieval
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Computer Science: Algorithms
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools: Faculty of Engineering and Computing
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Computer Science: Digital video
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Computer Science: Machine learning

Full list of authors on original publication

Cathal Gurrin, Zhengwei Qiu, Jinlin Guo

Experts in our system

1
Cathal Gurrin
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 182
 
2
Zhengwei Qiu
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 18