Type

Conference Proceedings

Authors

Dermot Diamond
Shirley Coyle
Zarah Walsh
Silvia Scarmagnani
Robert Byrne
Fernando Benito-Lopez

Subjects

Chemistry

Topics
chemistry phosphonium ionic liquids systems engineering light emitting diodes micro fluidic devices metal ion release materials real time monitoring

Applications of novel functional materials: from microfluidics to chemical sensing (2009)

Abstract Novel functional materials offer unique capabilities hitherto inaccessible using conventional materials. In particular, we focus on photo-controlled guest binding and release, inherent signalling of status, photo-actuation and solvent driven motion of small structures as examples of the fascinating behaviour of these exceptional materials. We have shown that by integrating the beneficial characteristics of PDMS micro-fluidic devices and spiropyrans dyes, a micro-chip configured as an on-line photonically controlled selfindicating system for metal ion accumulation and release can be realised. Moreover, spiropyran functionalised micro-beads were incorporated into micro-fluidic flow systems, such as capillary separation columns. In addition, photochromic monolithic scaffolds were synthesised within polytetrafluoroethylene coated fused silica capillaries and used as stationary phases in micro-chips to function as photo-controllable electro-osmotic pumps. Novel multifunctional materials based on ionogels, consisting of a polymeric structure incorporating spiropyran units and phosphonium based ionic liquids, have been used as light-actuated valve structures in micro-fluidic platforms. Through variation of the composition of the ionogels, the micro-valves can be tuned to open at different times under similar illumination conditions. In parallel, the ionogels were soaked in ethanol and then transferred to water, where they moved spontaneously. This movement is driven by the expulsion of the ethanol from the gel and subsequent ethanol spreading at the air-water interface. We have investigated this solvent driven motion for as a driving force for moving small objects in aqueous media. We have also developed an innovative miniaturised system for continuous measurement of the pH of sample solutions and vapour streams during chemical or biological processes. It consists of a simple barcode sensor with several pH dyes doped in an ionogel matrix which is able to generate a characteristic fingerprint-type colour response within a single “snapshot” for different pH solutions and vapours. As the sensor is based on an ionogel polymer, it has extremely long stability, and the sensor dyes show no measureable leaching into aqueous sample solutions. Finally a wearable, robust, flexible and disposable micro-fluidic device which incorporates micro-Light Emitting Diodes (μ-LEDs) as a detection system, for real time monitoring of the pH of sweat generated during an exercise period has been fabricated and assessed. In our approach, the sensors are immobilised within ECG electrodes, as this allows the pH measurements to be gathered without changing the conventional form of ECG monitoring during exercise. This provides immediate feedback regarding sweat composition to an athlete and coach, which can be used to optimise the hydration and performance of the athlete.
Collections Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Engineering: Systems engineering
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools: Faculty of Science and Health
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools: Faculty of Science and Health: School of Chemical Sciences
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Physical Sciences
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = Research Initiatives and Centres: National Centre for Sensor Research (NCSR)
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Engineering: Materials
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Engineering
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = Research Initiatives and Centres
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Publication Type = Conference or Workshop Item
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Subject = Physical Sciences: Chemistry
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = DCU Faculties and Schools
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> Status = Unpublished
Ireland -> Dublin City University -> DCU Faculties and Centres = Research Initiatives and Centres: CLARITY: The Centre for Sensor Web Technologies

Full list of authors on original publication

Dermot Diamond, Shirley Coyle, Zarah Walsh, Silvia Scarmagnani, Robert Byrne, Fernando Benito-Lopez

Experts in our system

1
Dermot Diamond
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 607
 
2
Shirley Coyle
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 86
 
3
Silvia Scarmagnani
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 25
 
4
Fernando Benito-Lopez
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 142