Type

Journal Article

Authors

Niall Barron
Paula Meleady
Martin Clynes
Mark Leonard
Lin Zhang
Stephen F Madden
Laura Breen
Paula Kinsella
Paul Kelly
Noelia Sanchez
and 5 others

Subjects

Biology

Topics
quantitative analysis synthesis and processing cho cells mrna expression protein expression cell culture cell growth growth rate

Integrated miRNA, mRNA and protein expression analysis reveals the role of post-transcriptional regulation in controlling CHO cell growth rate. (2012)

Abstract ABSTRACT: To study the role of microRNA (miRNA) in the regulation of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell growth, qPCR, microarray and quantitative LC-MS/MS analysis were utilised for simultaneous expression profiling of miRNA, mRNA and protein. The sample set under investigation consisted of clones with variable cellular growth rates derived from the same population. In addition to providing a systems level perspective on cell growth, the integration of multiple profiling datasets can facilitate the identification of non-seed miRNA targets, complement computational prediction tools and reduce false positive and false negative rates. 51 miRNAs were associated with increased growth rate (35 miRNAs upregulated and 16 miRNAs downregulated). Gene ontology (GO) analysis of genes (n=432) and proteins (n=285) found to be differentially expressed (DE) identified biological processes driving proliferation including mRNA processing and translation. To investigate the influence of miRNA on these processes we combined the proteomic and transcriptomic data into two groups. The first set contained candidates where evidence of translational repression was observed (n=158). The second group was a mixture of proteins and mRNAs where evidence of translational repression was less clear (n=515). The TargetScan algorithm was utilised to predict potential targets within these two groups for anti-correlated DE miRNAs. The evidence presented in this study indicates that biological processes such as mRNA processing and protein synthesis are correlated with growth rate in CHO cells. Through the integration of expression data from multiple levels of the biological system a number of proteins central to these processes including several hnRNPs and components of the ribosome were found to be post-transcriptionally regulated. We utilised the expression data in conjunction with in-silico tools to identify potential miRNA-mediated regulation of mRNA/proteins involved in CHO cell growth rate. These data have allowed us to prioritise candidates for cell engineering and/or biomarkers relevant to industrial cell culture. We also expect the knowledge gained from this study to be applicable to other fields investigating the role of miRNAs in mammalian cell growth.
Collections Ireland -> Dublin City University -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Niall Barron, Paula Meleady, Martin Clynes, Mark Leonard, Lin Zhang, Stephen F Madden, Laura Breen, Paula Kinsella, Paul Kelly, Noelia Sanchez and 5 others

Experts in our system

1
Niall Barron
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 44
 
2
Paula Meleady
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 95
 
3
Martin Clynes
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 209
 
4
Stephen F Madden
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 42
 
5
Laura Breen
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 11
 
6
Paul S. Kelly
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 11