Journal Article


Farah Naz Talpur
Sumsun Naher
Dermot Brabazon
Tasneem Gul Kazi
Hassan Imran Afridi



inductively coupled plasma reference materials urban areas irish diabetes mellitus diabetes mellitus type 2 patients essential elements

Comparative metal distribution in scalp hair of Pakistani and Irish referents and diabetes mellitus patients. (2011)

Abstract The essential metals, chromium (Cr), magnesium (Mg), manganese (Mn) and zinc (Zn), are necessary for many metabolic processes and their homeostasis is crucial for life. The toxic metals, cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb), have no beneficial role in human metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate the levels of Cd, Cr, Mg, Mn, Pb, and Zn in scalp hair samples of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients of both genders, ages ranging from 30 to 50 y, and belong to urban areas of Ireland and Pakistan. For comparison purposes, age matched non-diabetic subjects of both countries were selected as referents. The concentrations of metals in scalp hair samples were measured by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrophotometer and atomic absorption spectrophotometer after microwave-assisted acid digestion. The validity and accuracy of the methodology were checked by conventional wet-acid-digestion method and using certified reference materials. The mean values of Cd and Pb were significantly higher in scalp hair samples of both Pakistani and Irish diabetic patients as compared to referents of both countries (P<0.001). In contrast, lower Cr, Mg, Mn, and Zn (P<0.01) concentrations were detected in scalp hair derived from patients with type 2 diabetes versus healthy subjects of both countries. This study showed that, increased toxic elements and decreased essential elements are associated with diabetes mellitus. Therefore, these elements may play a role in the development and pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus.
Collections Ireland -> Dublin City University -> PubMed

Full list of authors on original publication

Farah Naz Talpur, Sumsun Naher, Dermot Brabazon, Tasneem Gul Kazi, Hassan Imran Afridi

Experts in our system

Sumsun Naher
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 56
Dermot Brabazon
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 162