Journal Article


M Clynes
P Gammell
L O'Driscoll



pancreas mice drug effects cell line reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction cell line tumor pancreatic polypeptide somatostatin cells insulinoma expression secretion transcription factors transcription genetic pharmacology pancreatic neoplasms islets of langerhans genetics insulin glucagon animals glucose gene expression regulation neoplastic

Expression in murine teratocarcinoma F9 cells of transcription factors involved in pancreas development. (2004)

Abstract Although it has been established that formation and functional differentiation of the pancreas from embryonic endoderm is associated with activation/inactivation of many genes controlled by specific sets of transcription factors, the role and activation sequence of individual transcription factors has not yet been fully elucidated. This study sought to differentiate a murine teratocarcinoma cell line, F9, to endodermal-like cells and, subsequently; to investigate the effects of regulated expression of transcription factors in pancreas development. Following differentiation using retinoic acid and db cAMP (RAC), resulting F9 cells (F9-RAC) were transfected with cDNAs for PDX-1, ngn3, beta 2/NeuroD (beta 2), and Nkx2.2, singly or in combination. Expression of these transcription factors was investigated using RT-PCR and immunofluorescence techniques. RT-PCR analysis was used to assess the subsequent effects of expression of these factors on endogenous genes related to pancreas development. Regulated differentiation of F9 cells generated endodermal-like cell types. Following transfection, PDX-1, ngn3, beta 2, and Nkx2.2 were expressed in F9-RAC cells, with their proteins localized mainly in cellular nuclei. Expression of these factors apparently did not affect the endogenous expression of preproinsulin, PDX-1, beta 2, Isl1, Pax4, Pax6, Sonic hedgehog, and Indian hedgehog. This study describes the successful transient expression of transcription factors related to pancreas development, following directed differentiation of F9 cells to endoderm-like cells, and shows that treatment of F9 cells with a combination of RAC causes up-regulation of genes relevant to pancreatic development. The lack of further effect of regulated transcription factor expression on these genes may suggest that parietal endoderm- like cells derived from F9 cells is not the optimal lineage from which to develop beta cells. It may be useful to include F9-derived visceral endoderm in future studies.
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Full list of authors on original publication

M Clynes, P Gammell, L O'Driscoll

Experts in our system

Martin Clynes
Dublin City University
Total Publications: 209
Lorraine O'Driscoll
Trinity College Dublin
Total Publications: 152