We report the screening of analogues of indomethacin to investigate the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of indomethacin-mediated multidrug resistance associated protein-1 (MRP-1) inhibition. By examining the activities of compounds with minor variations of the parent structure, we were able to separate MRP-1, glutathione-S-transferase (GST), cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 inhibitory activities. Combination cytotoxicity assays were utilised to identify agents which possess synergistic potential in MRP-1-expressing cell lines. MRP-1 Inside Out Vesicles (IOVs) were utilised to demonstrate the ability of the indomethacin analogues to inhibit the pump directly. Most of the indomethacin analogues active as MRP-1 inhibitors were poor GST inhibitors when compared with the GST-inhibitory activity of indomethacin. Two of the MRP-1 inhibitory analogues were found to have no COX-1 inhibitory activity and low COX-2 inhibitory activity, suggesting potentially reduced clinical toxicity. One MRP-1 inhibitory indomethacin analogue was also found to have low COX-1 inhibitory activity, but significant COX-2 inhibitory activity, making this analogue again interesting in terms of low potential toxicity, but with the possibility of direct inhibitory effects on tumour growth.
Dublin City University ->