Evidence is presented that monoreactive antibodies exposed to low pH may acquire the ability to bind to multiple antigens. M11, a murine, monoclonal, IgM(K) anti-goat IgG (GIgG) was purified from a hybridoma supernatant by elution at low pH from an anti-mu-Sepharose 4B affinity column. By measuring the specific antiGIgG activities and the affinity constants for the interactions of M11, pre- and post-affinity-purification, with GIgG, M11 was shown to be monoreactive before purification. Quite unexpectedly, however, the affinity-purified M11 reacted extensively with size-fractionated liver proteins when tested in an immunoblot, clearly indicating that it was polyreactive. It was concluded that the exposure to low pH had altered the M11 binding-site so as to allow it to bind to many different proteins. This phenomena provides an alternative basis for interpreting the polyreactivity observed following affinity-purification.
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